رابطه اشتیاق تحصیلی، اشتیاق به مدرسه و احساس تعلق به مدرسه با پیشرفت تحصیلی با واسطه انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی در دانش‌آموزان پسر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان شناسی عمومی، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مازندران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مازندران، ایران

3 استادیارگروه روانشناسی، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مازندران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف این پژوهش تعیین رابطه اشتیاق تحصیلی، اشتیاق به مدرسه و احساس تعلق به مدرسه با پیشرفت تحصیلی با واسطه انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی در دانش‌آموزان پسر بود.
روش‌شناسی: این مطالعه توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه پژوهش دانش‌آموزان پسر دوره دوم متوسطه مناطق 2 و 5 شهر تهران در سال تحصیلی 98-1397 بودند. حجم نمونه 604 نفر در نظر گرفته شد که با روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه اشتیاق تحصیلی (Fredricks et al, 2004)، مقیاس اشتیاق به مدرسه (Veiga, 2016)، مقیاس احساس تعلق به مدرسه (Arslan & Duru, 2017)، پرسشنامه انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی (Hermans, 1970) و معدل نیمسال قبل به‌عنوان شاخص پیشرفت تحصیلی بودند. داده‌ها با روش‌های ضرایب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل مسیر در نرم‌افزارهای SPSS و AMOS تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: یافته‌ها نشان داد که مدل رابطه اشتیاق تحصیلی، اشتیاق به مدرسه و احساس تعلق به مدرسه با پیشرفت تحصیلی با واسطه انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی برازش مناسبی داشت. همچنین، هر سه متغیر اشتیاق تحصیلی، اشتیاق به مدرسه و احساس تعلق به مدرسه بر انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی و پیشرفت تحصیلی و متغیر انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی بر پیشرفت تحصیلی اثر مستقیم و معنادار داشت (05/0>P). علاوه بر آن، اشتیاق تحصیلی، اشتیاق به مدرسه و احساس تعلق به مدرسه با واسطه انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی بر پیشرفت تحصیلی اثر غیرمستقیم و معنادار داشتند (05/0>P).
بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج برای افزایش و ارتقای پیشرفت تحصیلی می‌توان زمینه را برای بهبود اشتیاق تحصیلی، اشتیاق به مدرسه، احساس تعلق به مدرسه و انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی فراهم کرد.

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