رابطه هوش هیجانی و اجتناب تجربی با آمادگی به اعتیاد در دانشجویان

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد گروه روانشناسی بالینی، واحد انستیتو روانپزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مشاوره، واحد پردیس بین المللی ارس، دانشگاه تهران، ارس، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد گروه آموزش پزشکی، واحد مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از پژوهش حاضر پیش‌بینی آمادگی به اعتیاد در دانشجویان براساس هوش هیجانی و اجتناب تجربی بود.
روش شناسی‌: روش پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر را کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران تشکیل داددند که در سال تحصیلی 96-1395 مشغول به تحصیل بودند. حجم نمونه 150 نفر دانشجو بود که به شیوه نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای مورد استفاده در این پژوهش، مقیاس ایرانی آمادگی اعتیاد (زرگر، 1385)، پرسشنامه هوش هیجانی سیبر یا شرینگ (1990) و پرسشنامه‌ اجتناب تجربی (هیز و همکاران، 2004)  بودند. تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات به­دست آمده از اجرای پرسشنامه­ ها از طریق نرم افزار spss20 در دو بخش توصیفی و استنباطی (همبستگی پیرسون، رگرسیون چندگانه) انجام پذیرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل آماری نشان داد تأثیر متغیر هوش هیجانی و مؤلفه‌های آن در معادله رگرسیونی معنادار بود(01/0> p). همچنین بین اجتناب تجربی با آمادگی به اعتیاد همبستگی مثبت معنادار وجود داشت (01/0> p).
بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: داده های پژوهش حاضر نشان داد دانشجویانی که هوش هیجانی پایینی دارند، آمادگی به اعتیاد بالاتری را نسبت به دانشجویانی که هوش هیجانی بالاتری داشتند از خود نشان دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


Asiamah N. (2017). Enhancing nurses’ emotional intelligence: Are tenure prolongation, education and in-service training applicable methods even when not specialized?. Cogent Business & Management, 4(1): 1280896.
Aslanidou G S, Petrides K V, Stogiannidou A. (2018). Trait emotional intelligence profiles of parents with drug addiction and of their offspring. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 1633.
Bahraminejad A, Biranvand A, Zare S, Arnavaz M. (2017). Investigating the relationship between emotional intelligence and addiction tendency in students of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences. Founded Quarterly, 3 (73): 120-113.
Bahraminezhad A, Zare S, Arnavaz M. (2017). The relationship between emotional intelligence and addiction tendency in students of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences. Yafte, 19(4).
Basharpoor S, Shafiei M, Atadokht A, Narimani M. (2015).The Role of experiential avoidance and mindfulness in predicting the symptoms of stress disorder after exposure to trauma in traumatized people supported by Emdad Committee and Bonyade Shahid organization of Gilan Gharb in the first half of 2014. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. 14(5): 405-416.
Basharpour S, Shafiee A, Narimani M. (2014). The role of empirical avoidance and mindfulness in predicting the symptoms of stress disorder after exposure to a traumatic event in injured people under the support of the Relief Committee and the Martyr Foundation of West Gilan in the first half of the year. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. 14: 405 -16.
Bond F W, Hayes S C, Baer R A, et all.(2011). Preliminary psychometric properties of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II: a revisedmeasure of psychological inflexibility and experientialavoidance. Journal Addictive Behaviors. 42(4):676-688
Cho K S, Lee J M. (2017). Influence of smartphone addiction proneness of young children on problematic behaviors and emotional intelligence: Mediating self-assessment effects of parents using smartphones. Computers in Human Behavior, 66, 303-311.
Delaware A. (2011). Applied methods in inferential statistics in psychology and educational sciences. Tehran: Samat Publications.
Ebrahimi L, Mousavi S J. (2018). The relationship between emotional intelligence components and parenting styles with the tendency to substance abuse in students. Social Health and Addiction Quarterly, 19 (5): 52-43.
Ehyakonandeh M, Shafiabadi A, Sudani M. (2009). Investigating the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health of Female Counseling Students in Islamic Azad University, Behbahan Branch. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, 1 (4): 41-16.
Gentina E, Tang T L P, Dancoine P F. (2018). Does Gen Z's emotional intelligence promote iCheating (cheating with iPhone) yet curb iCheating through reduced nomophobia?. Computers & Education, 126, 231-247.
Ghanadi Farnood M, Alilou M M. (2014). Predicting the tendency to smoke, alcohol, drugs and psychotropic drugs based on emotion dysregulation variables and the experience of child abuse in people with borderline personality traits. Quarterly Journal of Addiction Research. 8 (30): 97-112.
Gutierrez D, Butts C M, Lamberson K A, Lassiter P S. (2019). Examining the Contributions of Trait Emotional Intelligence on Addiction Counselor Burnout. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 40(1): 52-64.
Haji Hosseini M, Shafiabadi A, Pirsaghi F, Kianipour O. (2012). Relationship between aggression, means of existence and depression with readiness for addiction in female students of Allameh Tabatabai University. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, 13 (3), 74-65.
Hayes S, Strosahl K, Wilson K, et all. (2004). Measuring experiential avoidance: A preliminary test of a working model. Psycho Record, 54(4): 553-578.
Hsieh Y P, Wei H S, Hwa H L, et all. (2019). The effects of peer victimization on children’s Internet addiction and psychological distress: The moderating roles of emotional and social intelligence. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(9): 2487-2498.
Hudson G P. (2018). Relationships between Substance Abuse, Emotional Intelligence, Impulsivity, and Social Support: An Examination of Factors Relating to Addiction.
Jabraili H, Habibi M. (2016). The moderating role of emotional intelligence in relation to the effect of addiction readiness on substance use. Journal of Clinical Psychology Achievements, 2 (1), 84-69.
Jamshidi H, Asgharnejad A A. (2019). The role of identity crisis and emotional intelligence in predicting substance abuse among high-school students. Chronic Diseases Journal, 7(1): 16-21.
Javanmard Gh H, Jalalian Z. (2016). Comparison of mind theory and emotional intelligence in people with substance abuse and healthy people. Journal of New Psychological Research, 43 (11): 65-51.
Kalaivani C. (2017). Emotional Intelligence and Technology Addiction among Higher Secondary School Students.
Karami Rad B, Zargar Y, Mehrabi Zah Honarmand M. (2014). The effectiveness of emotional intelligence training on students' readiness for addiction. Journal of Addiction Research, 32 (4): 50-37.
Karimi J, Izadi R. (2015). Investigating the role of empirical avoidance and sensitivity to anxiety symptoms on mental health and general health of nursing students. Journal of Nursing Research, 10 (4): 32-42.
Lee O S, Gu H. J. (2018). Differences in Smartphone Addiction and Communcation Ability according to Emotional Intelligence in Nursing Students. Journal of Digital Convergence, 16(3), 375-383.
Leite K P, Martins F D M P, Trevizol A P, et all. (2019). A critical literature review on emotional intelligence in addiction. Trends in psychiatry and psychotherapy, 41(1): 87-93.
Mascia M L, Agus M, Penna M P. (2020). Emotional Intelligence, Self-Regulation, Smartphone Addiction: Which Relationship With Student Well-Being and Quality of Life?. Frontiers in Psychology, 11: 375.
Mikaeli N, Ahmadi Sh, Ghavami Lahiji H. (2010). Comparison of experimental avoidance and perturbation tolerance in substance-dependent and normal women. Journal of Psychological Studies, 15 (2): 92-79.
Mohagheghi A, Amiri S, Mousavi Rizi S, Safikhanlou S. (2015). Emotional intelligence components in alcohol dependent and mentally healthy individuals. Sci World J;10(11):55-63.
Morie K P, Yip S W, Nich C, et all. (2016). Alexithymia and addiction: a review and preliminary data suggesting neurobiological links to reward/loss processing. Current addiction reports, 3(2), 239-248.
Peng W, Li D, Li D, et all. (2019). School disconnectedness and Adolescent Internet Addiction: Mediation by self-esteem and moderation by emotional intelligence. Computers in Human Behavior, 98: 111-121.
Ranjbar H, Bakhshi M. (2018). The Association between Internet addiction and emotional intelligence: A meta-analysis study. Acta facultatis medicae Naissensis, 35(1): 17-29.
Shirazi M, Janfaza M. (2015). The Predictive Role of Difficulties in Emotion Regulation and Self-Control with Susceptibility to Addiction in Drug-Dependent Individuals. research on addiction, 9(33): 57-69.
Sun J, Liu Q, Yu S. (2019). Child neglect, psychological abuse and smartphone addiction among Chinese adolescents: The roles of emotional intelligence and coping style. Computers in Human Behavior, 90, 74-83.
Süral I, Griffiths M D, Kircaburun K, Emirtekin E. (2019). Trait emotional intelligence and problematic social media use among adults: The mediating role of social media use motives. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 17(2): 336-345.
Talebzadeh Nobarian M, Norouzi A A. (2011). The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies with Academic Performance of Students in the Department of Educational Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University. Quarterly Journal of New Approach in Educational Management, 2 (2), 22-1.
Zandi Payam A, Davoodi I, Mehrabizadeh M. (2016). The Relationship between Experiential Avoidance, Family Emotional Atmosphere and Self-Control with Online Games Addiction in Students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. Journal of Education and Community Health, 3 (1): 33-25.
Zargar Y, Najarian B, Nomani A Z. (2008). Investigating the Relationship between Personality Traits (Excitement, Existence Tools, Psychological Hardiness) Religious Attitude and Marital Satisfaction with Drug Addiction Readiness in Employees of an Industrial Company in Ahvaz. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, 3 (14): 45-37.